Grip Equipment for Film and
Video production Illustratrated Dictionary
Gaffer - boss of the lighting crew, chief lighting technician or
lighting designer. The gaffer works directly with and reports to the
Director of Photography in the film/video crew chain of command.
Gaffer's glass - is a piece of "welding glass" or
heavily darkened glass designed to be used when viewing intense (and
possibly eye-damaging) light. It is very useful for avoiding the
"seeing spots" effect when aiming lights. A cool function of
gaffer's glass is: when looking at a fresnel light, you can see the
rings in the lens quite distinctly, which makes it really easy to aim
the light with high accuracy.
Gobo - a light beam modifier with a specific or random pattern
cut out. Internal gobos such as those designed for and used in Leko
lights are made from metal for heat resistance, and have random or
specific patterns, from leaves and clouds to emblems, symbols or just
lines, shapes, etc. Gobo is also used sometimes to describe external
pattern generator/light beam modifiers, placed outside of and in front
of a fresnel or open faced light. These can be made with cutouts from
foam core, black wrap and other materials.
Gopher/Gofer (aka P.A./Production Assistant) - P.A.'s may
be asked to "go fer" this or that from a truck, run and pick
up gear or expendables, etc.- hence the name.
Golden Hour - or more realistically golden moment, is the time of
day immediately before the sun goes below the horizon. Golden
"hour" lasts for 10 to 15 minutes, and is much desired for
certain moods in shots. The fading sun and it's reflected light in the
sky creates a diffused golden glow. Golden moment varies in length and
quality depending on time of year, weather conditions and the location's
land or cityscape. A related end of day moment is "magic
Greens - in classic, large movie studio type of facilities,
greens are the catwalks around and above the set or cyclorama. Greens
are great, and better than a grid, because you can easily walk out and
mount lights, set stands and more without a ladder or lift device
Grip - is the film or video production crew member who works with
some lighting control devices not attached directly to a light (flags,
silks, nets, reflectors) along with safety and other rigging. Grips may work with or specialize in camera
support/rigs/mounts other rigging (camera grips and dolly grips). The lower the budget, sometimes
(non-union), the more a grip may be asked to do on a shoot.
See also: key grip.
Grip clip - a simple, jumped up C-47-like clamp, readily
available at hardware stores, since they are used in many areas of work
other than video and film production. Grip clips are spring loaded
somewhat like a bullet/C-47, come in various sizes, and are handy for
attaching all sorts of expendables, backdrops and more on a wide variety
of attachment spots.
Grip head - the removable or hard-mounted device found on or used
on several types of stands that is perhaps the core of grip work and
equipment. It is the tool that can grip several sizes of studs, posts
and many other impromptu attachment opportunities. Best know for it's
work on C-stands, grip heads also appear on combo and combo-pop ups,
high-rollers, and other types of stands and devices. They can come hard mounted on grip arms for C-stands, or in a "lollipop" style (a grip head with a junior stud, for example for other stands/mounts), No shoot should be
without at least a few available!