Grip Equipment for Film and
Video production Illustratrated Dictionary
Fay - is used to describe several types of light units, all of
which use PAR 36 globes with daylight-balanced dichroic filters. A
single globe fay can be used for a fill light in some situations, while
a 5-globe or 9-globe fay can provide a broad wash of light in somewhat
larger shots. These lights are used less today, since the introduction
of HMI lights provided more powerful daylight-balanced light sources in
more compact and less power hungry units.
Finger - a small rectangular flag or net, used in all types of
shots, but particularly in table top and product shot film, video and
photography set-ups. Fingers are rectangular and usually sized 2 x 12
inches and 4 x 14 inches. Solid fingers are mini-flags covered with
duvateyne or similar material. Net fingers are covered with bobbinet
material in single and double layers for diffusing rather than blocking
Fill - is a light or lights used to "fill in" the dark
side or shadow caused by a stronger key light on an actor or object.
Fill light can be direct, or bounced from a reflector, foam core board,
or even a black flag (see negative fill).
Flood - means to spread the beam of a fresnel light fixture by
moving the globe closer to the lens using the flood/spot knob or paddle
control built into the lighting unit body. Some open face lights have a
flood or spot control also, but these are less effective than the
focused beam of a fresnel light (see below).
Foam core - is a multi-use material found in the grip and
lighting package on most film and video production sets and locations.
It is a thin sheet of polystyrene foam covered on both sides with
(usually) white paper. A sheet of foam core makes a great bounce card
which can be held by a C-stand grip head, or by a foam core clamp
mounted to the grip head. It is easy to cut with a knife or box cutter,
and can be used along with gaffers tape to build soft boxes, extra long
soft snoots, on the spot cuculoris type devices and many more
imaginative applications. Foam core is a "core" expendable!
Foam core clamp (aka platypus) - this handy device is another
variation or adaptation of vice grips, featuring two flat plates like
the beak of a platypus, which can be adjusted to grip a sheet of foam
core, allowing precise control of the foam core angle, height etc. A
baby stud is attached to the handles, allowing the tool to be mounted to
a c-stand grip head. A useful tool to have on many shoots.
Fresnel - (fruh-nel) A convex glass lens with concentric rings or
steps used to focus or align the path of light from a globe into a
controllable and distinct beam. The word is used loosely to describe any
lighting unit that has a Fresnel lens at the front or opening of the
body or can. Fresnel lights have a concave polished reflector behind the
globe to direct all the globes output through the lens.
Furniture clamp (a.k.a. "furney") - a sliding clamp
mechanism with or without a light mount stud. The furney has softer,
padded contact points than most clamps (and less gripping strength), and
so can be used on pieces of furniture without damaging the finish.